Skin Discoloration

Skin Discoloration
Skin Discoloration – Freckles

Do you have skin discoloration on your face that you are concerned about? Maybe you have some skin discoloration on  your back or neck that you are not sure what to do about.

Discolored skin can be concerning and embarrassing. Though usually cosmetic and nothing to be concerned about in terms of your overall health, skin discoloration is pretty easy to treat. There are many products on the market specifically formulated for a number of different skin discoloration treatment options.

This website is here to help you out and point you in the right direction for treating your specific condition. We have review the latest and greatest of the products out there and have compiled the information here for you.

If you want to get right to it and explore what is out there feel free to explore this site. If you want to learn more about skin discoloration in particular, read on here. We will try to explain it to you as best we can.

Discoloration in a Nutshell

The color of one’s skin is determined by the amount of pigment found in the skin cells. Skin discoloration occurs when the pigment is either too strong or too weak. Freckles and moles, for example, are simply areas where pigment is densely packed, resulting in the darker color.

The “Bad” Skin Discolorations

There are many different causes of skin discoloration. Some are serious conditions that need to be treated by a specialist. These include  Hereditary Hermorrhagic Telangiectasia (HHT), which causes abnormal blood vessel formation and can spread to the brain and lungs. Eczema, another serious condition, can result in blisters, crusty or flaky skin, rashes and even bleeding and lesions. And of course, there is skin cancer, which can look like a freckle or mole, but is a very serious skin disease.

These types of skin disorders are not what we are going to discuss on this website. Like we stated, these conditions are serious health concerns and should be discusses and treated by your doctor and a skin specialist.

The “Not So Bad” Skin Discolorations

What we do discuss on this site are the more common skin conditions that are not life threatening. These condition fall  under two primary categories, Hyperpigmentation and Hypopigmentation. While they are very similar terms, as you can tell, they are essentially opposites, like black and white.

age spots on handsHyperpigmentation is skin discoloration that results in the darkening of the skin. This usually results in dark spots, dark patches, large dark areas, and such. With hyperpigmentation, there is a concentration of melanin (the pigmentation that causes darker skin) in a particular area.

Under normal circumstances, the build up of melanin is used as a protective measure for the skin, like when it is over exposed to the sun. But sometimes, due to changes in the body, like hormone imbalances, melanin production can become concentrated and will result in hyperpigmentation. For more information on hyperpigmentation click here.


Hypopigmentation, the opposite skin discoloration, results in lighter skin. The most extreme example of this discoloration is Albinism, where the body produces no pigmentation. Other conditions include Vitiligo and Tinea Versicolor.

These conditions usually result in spots, patches, or large areas of skin that are noticeably lighter in color than the surround skin and with a definitive border. This condition is most common in darker skinned ethnic groups. For more information on hypopigmentation click here.

A Word of Caution

Although the severity of change in the color ones skin can sometimes be shocking, it is generally not a reason to be overly concerned. In most cases it is an early symptom of a condition, meaning that the condition has likely not gotten to a point where serious health risks are a concern.

However, because of the wide range of variation and the dozens of potential causes, both dangerous and benign, it is important to be sure that the diagnosis of the particular type of discoloring is clear and accurate. If you have any doubt about a spot on your skin, have it checked out by a doctor or skin specialists.

Skin Discoloration – Some Causes

The purpose of our bodies pigment is to absorb ultraviolet light from the sun and protect it from radiation damage. For some folks exposure to the sun produces a nice even tan. For others, particularly those with lighter skin tones, patchy areas of tanned skin or an increase in freckles is more than likely.

Simply getting older can cause skin to change color. Melanin is the compound that takes care of how much pigment is produced, and as people get older, like a lot of other things, melanin production often gets a little off kilter. Liver spots and moles can begin to appear and old scars can become more apparent.

Often scar tissue will appear lighter than usual as we age, due to the cells having less melanocytes, which are responsible for producing melanin. Because of the lack of melanocytes, insufficient pigment is produced in that area of skin and so appears lighter than the surrounding areas.

Skin Discoloration
The Beauty of Freckles

Hormone imbalances are also another common cause for skin discoloration. Pregnant women, the essence of hormone imbalances, can be subject to a condition called melasma. This is more commonly known as “The Mask Of Pregnancy” where large areas of skin on the face darken due to increased pigmentation.

Of course, sometimes we are just born with uneven skin tones. This is especially true in certain parts of the body, like our “intimate” areas. For women it is common to have overly darkened nipples and areolas or darken labia. For men darken skin can occur on the penis.

Freckles are also something we are just born with. This is most common in fair skinned ethnic groups and can be a thing of beauty or a bane of one’s existence.

Solutions to Skin Discoloration

Although severe or sudden changes in the color of one’s skin can be alarming or shocking, most of the time there is not much to worry about. There are a wide variety of treatments and solutions, from creams and moisturizers, to microdermabrasion or chemical peels, that can help alleviate, control, mask, or reduce the skin discoloration that you are experiencing.

Like we said before, we have scoured the market to find you some of the most effective treatment options currently available. We wanted to find things that are easy to get and are cost effective. So please explore. We hope you find what you are looking for. Thanks for visiting.

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *